On one hand politics in labor unions has reduced productivity of employees and on the other lack of energy has squeezed production capacity of the plants, he said. Sharma further added prolonged political transition will only increase the pace of deindustrialization despite the government promise to encourage industrialization in the country.
Likewise, the increasing cost of energy due to lack of regular power supply has made the domestic products expensive, eroding comparative and competitive capacity of domestic industries, added Sharma.
Ananda Bagaria, managing director of Nimbus, seconded Sharma. According to him, the government has to immediately revisit its tax policy on raw materials.
The government is preparing the budget for the next fiscal year aiming to increase agriculture productivity and kick-start industrialization. However, without changing the existing tax policy that has failed to encourage industries, it seems Nepal will not see any industrialization, said Bagaria.
The business fraternity has also asked the government to set separate customs duty for raw materials and finished products. “In many cases, import duty for finished products and concerned raw material are same,” the Bagaria said, adding that such policy does not protect domestic industries. “To promote industrialization, there must be level playing field while converting raw material into finished products.”
The industrialists have requested the government, which is preparing budget for the next fiscal year aiming at encouraging industrialization, to adopt a clear policy of 2 tier difference in import duty on raw materials versus finished product.
The government policy in the past has encouraged industries based on Indian duty difference – like the vegetables ghee industry. The government has to promote industries that have local raw material strength, according to Bagaria.
He opined that the country has been trapped into pseudo-industrialization, fueling imports and increasing trade deficit, despite have huge local resources with competitive advantage over imported finished products.
According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the manufacturing sector will contract by 9.86 per cent in the current Fiscal Year 2015/16. “The negative growth is likely to reduce manufacturing sector’s contribution to the economy to 5.53 per cent in the current fiscal year from as high as 9.03 per cent in 2000/2001,” officials of CBS said.